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There are two main assessment tools available on Brightspace to assess student learning online: Quizzes and Assignments.

Online Exams using Quizzes ⇩ | Online Exams using Assignments ⇩ | Alternative Assessments ⇩ | Remotely Proctored Exams ⇩ | Setting Up a Quiz for Students using Respondus or Zoom ⇩


Online Exams using Quizzes

You can create online exams using quizzes on Brightspace to evaluate student learning frequently (e.g. using short quizzes), or for MidTerm and Final exams. A variety of question types exist, Multiple Choice, Multi-Select, True or False, Written Response, Short Answer, Fill in the Blanks, Arithmetic, etc.

Randomizing the quiz questions

Randomizing questions in a quiz ensures that each student will receive a unique set of questions, which is a strategy that can help reduce cheating. You can shuffle all the quiz questions, but you can also use a question pool to randomly select questions from a question library (# out of), or create a section to shuffle the questions only within that section.

How to proceed with quizzes?

3 important steps to follow:

  1. Properties.
  2. Restrictions. Start and end dates, due date.
  3. Assessments.

Online Exams using Assignments

You can create online exams using the assignment on Brightspace. Students can submit their exam individually or in groups as a file (different formats are supported, pdf, Word, Excel, PNG, etc.) or as a text (they will type their answer directly on Brightspace using a text editor).


Alternative Assessments 

This section explores assessment strategies that can be converted in an online environment using different tools. It can also be used to help you rethink your current online assessment strategy that may not fully satisfy your objectives or expectations. Key considerations and useful tips are provided.

Note: When choosing an exam alternative, it is important to think about alignment and make sure that the assessment strategy aligns with the learning outcomes. In some cases, you may need to revise your learning outcomes.

Students are asked to submit an essay response. The exam is submitted individually or in group on paper.

Create an Assignment on Brightspace

Students can submit an assignment online (various formats of submissions exist).

  • Student submissions can be evaluated online, or downloaded as a zip file and uploaded back to Brightspace.
  • Grades and comments can be shared through the Class Progress tab.

Students are individually asked to recall, summarize, connect information, solve problems (e.g. mathematical equations).

Create a Quiz on Brightspace

Questions created individually, one by one or using question banks (for randomization of questions)

  • Auto-graded question types (Multiple-Choice, Multiple-Select, Written Response, Short Answer, Numerical answer, etc.).
  • Manually-graded questions (Written Response, File upload).

Strategies to Maintain Quiz Integrity

Quiz design
Spend time designing your quiz carefully, by making sure that the questions are aligned with the learning objectives, and achievable in a timely manner. You can use different types of questions, but also use features that can help maintain exam integrity by reducing cheating.

  • Shuffle the order of questions at the quiz level. If your quiz contains sections, you can shuffle the sections, the questions within any section, or both.
  • Question pool to randomly select questions from a question library.
  • Section where you can shuffle the questions within a section (or group of questions).

Proctor an online exam (Quiz)
Respondus Monitor can be used to monitor students while taking a Quiz exam on Brightspace. Students are prevented from accessing other applications, websites, or browser tabs (exceptions can be made to allow students to access specific websites to replicate an open-book exam).

Example: An Equation-based exam can be conducted within Brightspace (using Numerical answers) and an online proctoring software (e.g. Respondus Monitor) to maintain Academic Integrity. Students complete their exam on a scrap paper and enter the numerical answers on Brightspace. Once they complete the quiz, they show the scrap paper they wrote at the end of the exam, and upload a photo of the scrap paper that they submit as an Assignment on Brightspace.

Students present in front of the class. After the presentation, the instructor and/or peers provide feedback.

During a Live Class

On MS Teams or Zoom, students can do their presentation during a live class. They will need to be made presenters on MS Teams to be able to share their screen. On Zoom, you can allow all participants to share screen (by clicking on the arrow next to the Share Screen option in the meeting controls) or make them Co-hosts.

Recording Presentations

Students can record their presentation using a recording tool (e.g. MS Teams/MS Stream) and upload it into Brightspace as an assignment.

Students are asked to solve a problem. Depending on the objectives, it may require a scientific demonstration, an economic model, etc.

Brightspace Assignment (individual or in group)

Students are exposed to the problem online where they have to read a document or watch a video (the content can be shared using Modules).

  • Students are then asked to provide their findings and submit them as an assignment.
  • Submission can be done individually or as a group.
  • Grading can be done online.

Note: This section is adapted from the “Other Assessment Strategies” developed by UBC’s Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology (CTLT), CC-BY-4.0, and was further modified to fit the Telfer School of Management context.

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Remotely Proctored Exams 

Online proctored exams involve having students record themselves taking the exam or using a web-conferencing to let you and other invigilators watch them take the exam.

When possible, we recommend that you carefully consider using alternative assessments to promote academic integrity before choosing a remote invigilation tool. However, in situations in which you cannot modify an assessment method in the online environment to ensure academic integrity, the Respondus system can be used. 

About the Remote Proctoring Tools 

Respondus LockDown Browser is a custom browser that prevents students from accessing external resources during a quiz within Brightspace. It is not recording students while taking an online exam. You will need to use Respondus Monitor.

Respondus Monitor is an online automated invigilation service integrated with Brightspace that offers remote proctoring so students can take Brightspace exams from anywhere. Each student’s exam session is monitored by recording video and audio, along with screen and keyboard activity, during the exam to try to ensure exam integrity. While writing an exam, students are prevented from accessing other applications, websites, or browser tabs. The Monitor software analyzes the recording and flags potential issues for instructor review, such that instructors have the final decision on whether the activity constitutes misconduct.

Zoom can also be set up for the purpose of invigilating online exams in real-time. There are specific settings that should be enabled/disabled for the Zoom meeting if it is used for exam invigilation, as opposed to an online live session.

Procedures for Using Respondus Monitor

  1. If you elect to use Respondus, please include information in your syllabus on the use of the tools and provide instructions to students on the software to be downloaded (you will find this information in the syllabus template here: https://sites.telfer.uottawa.ca/elearning/).
  2. Clearly communicate to students what Respondus Monitor does during the exam (no one is watching them, it is a video recording), and what that means for them during and after the exam. This can help reduce the stress associated with this tool. You may also want to indicate what a “flag” on the video means, and that any flags must be reviewed by the instructor (and/or TA) before any interpretation is made of the flagged behaviour. Flags indicate a suspicious activity, and is based on the enabled Respondus settings (e.g. unusual sound, movement, etc.). It doesn’t mean cheating. You can also explain the post-exam review activity when reviewing the video recordings.
  3. Please discuss Respondus during the review of your course outline with the students. TLSS has a wide range of information available to students and to professors on Respondus. https://uottawa.saea-tlss.ca/en/transition-to-remote-teaching/proctoring-software
  4. Make sure to allocate enough time for setup and possible technical issues during an exam with Respondus Monitor. You can let students know that you may add a grace period (the number of minutes students have after the time limit has expired to submit their quiz before it is flagged as late) to the “Enforced Time Limit” setting (the amount of time students will have to complete the exam once they start), and at least 30 minutes to the “Has Start Date/Has End Date” setting (the amount of time the exam will be open until it auto-submits).
  5. Schedule a practice test close to the exam date to allow students to familiarize themselves with the process and test their system to make sure they have the appropriate equipment and network capability. Make sure to set up the practice test with the exact same settings than the exam.
  6. Give students a chance to share any technical issues or concerns that may arise prior to the exam. You can do so by creating a discussion forum and thread for questions related to the use of Respondus Monitor for your online exams (e.g. if students do not have access to a private and well-lit location to take the exam).
  7. You may want to provide an alternative for taking the exam (e.g. Zoom) for students who cannot use a remote invigilation tool for various reasons (technical, geographical location, accessibility) .
  8. Although Respondus recommends that students should use their webcam to scan their room before starting the exam, we recommend that professors do not require students to do this. They should set up their webcam such that they are within the recording frame, then write the exam as required.
  9. The teaching team (instructor and teaching assistants) who is reviewing the videos from Respondus Monitor should be able to read through the flags and identify home situations (e.g., living with young children or near a street or construction site) or health considerations (e.g., needing to get up to use the washroom often).
  10. If students experience technical issues with the tool during the exam (connection issues, no webcam, etc.,), should communicate with the Live Chat Help for Respondus Monitor (webcam proctoring).

Procedures for Using Zoom

Web-conferencing invigilation can be used with exams that cannot be invigilated effectively any other way (open-book exams, essay questions, equation-based questions). Zoom can be used to invigilate an online exam, but it is not limited to a quiz on Brightspace. It can indeed be used for various types of assessments, such as assignments that students need to submit on Brightspace, case studies, simulations or individual/group presentations. Review

Note: You are not allowed to record students during the exam. Please refer to Policy 90 – Access to Information and Protection of Privacy for more information.

  1. Set up the Zoom meeting from the Zoom portal at https://uottawa-ca.zoom.us/.
  2. When you create the Zoom session, you can add the invigilators as alternative hosts. They will receive an email with the session link and will be able to start the session in your absence.
  3. Review the Zoom settings and disable the private chat option. If not disabled, students can send a message that is visible to everyone in the breakout room.
  4. Disable the virtual background to prevent participants from hiding what is in their background while taking the exam.
  5. Disable the remote control to prevent participants from controlling each other’s computer.

Teaching Team joins meeting

  • Start the meeting and enable chat to “Host only” so that students cannot use the private chat.
  • Make the teaching team co-host.
  • If the breakout rooms are used, confirm how they will be invigilated and by whom and what options to enable (e.g. allow participants to return to main session at any time, auto-close breakout rooms after 60 minutes).

Students Join Meeting

  • Students log in to Brightspace and join the Zoom session between 15 and 20 minutes before the online exam start.
  • Students enter their first name and last name (preferably).
  • If the waiting room is enabled, Host or Co-host(s) need to admit them.
  • Host or co-host(s) check the list of participants.
  • If the Breakout Rooms are used, the Host will place the students in the breakout rooms manually and check the options (e.g. allow participants to return to main session at any time, auto-close breakout rooms after 60 minutes).
  • You may want to allocate an additional 5 minutes for students to set up their exam on Zoom (e.g. access the exam on Brightspace, share screen, etc.).
  • Have a PowerPoint slides with instructions when students join the session (e.g. Webcam ON at all time, Microphone OFF at all time, clear desk, stay in front of the computer screen at all time, use chat if questions, come back to Zoom session once Quiz completed before leaving the session).

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Setting up a Quiz for Students using Respondus Monitor or Zoom

If one group of students chooses to take the online exam through Respondus Monitor and another group through Zoom, you do not need to create two separate quizzes on Brightspace. You can add the students who want to take the quiz through Zoom as Special access students in Brightspace.

  • Once you’ve identified the Special Access students, under Security Options, you will see the option Respondus LockDown Browser.
  • Make sure to uncheck both Required to take this quiz and Required to view quiz feedback and results.

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